[389][390], A new master plan for the city will see many high-rise buildings, including skyscrapers, built in certain, designated areas of downtown Jerusalem. You are required to declare the following, and if you do not then at the time of your arrival (you may get into trouble when leaving Iran). There are many Christians and Muslims historical monuments. Sometime soon after 485 BCE Jerusalem was besieged, conquered and largely destroyed by a coalition of neighbouring states. [444] Al-Hoash, established in 2004, is a gallery for the preservation of Palestinian art. King David (Hazrat Daud A.S) founded the city of Jerusalem and holy place, which was further taken care by his son King Solomon (Hazrat Sulaiman A.S). The complex contains a state-of-the-art museum that explores the genocide of the Jews through exhibits that focus on the personal stories of individuals and families killed in the Holocaust. Burial remains from the Byzantine period are exclusively Christian, suggesting that the population of Jerusalem in Byzantine times probably consisted only of Christians. [19] Since 1860 Jerusalem has grown far beyond the Old City's boundaries. Local newspapers include Kol Ha'Ir and The Jerusalem Times. It is the holiest place for Muslims as well as for people of another religion. The longest-serving Jerusalem mayor was Teddy Kollek, who spent 28 years—-six consecutive terms-—in office. [388], Jerusalem has traditionally had a low-rise skyline. [282] On 6 December 2017 U.S. President Donald Trump officially recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital and announced his intention to move the American embassy to Jerusalem, reversing decades of United States policy on the issue. [211], As the British Mandate for Palestine was expiring, the 1947 UN Partition Plan recommended "the creation of a special international regime in the City of Jerusalem, constituting it as a corpus separatum under the administration of the UN. The city, which had been virtually emptied, was recolonized by a variegated inflow of Greeks, Bulgarians, Hungarians, Georgians, Armenians, Syrians, Egyptians, Nestorians, Maronites, Jacobite Miaphysites, Copts and others, to block the return of the surviving Muslims and Jews. While Muslim holy sites were maintained and renovated,[226] contrary to the terms of the armistice agreement, Jews were denied access to Jewish holy sites, many of which were destroyed or desecrated. [22], Jerusalem had a population of 882,700 in 2016, of which Jews comprised 536,600 (60.8%), Muslims 319,800 (36.2%), Christians 15,800 (1.8%), and 10,300 unclassified (1.2%). The books written by Muslim writers’ are primarily focused on the Fadail of visiting Bait ul Muqaddas. [425] The 20-acre (81,000 m2) museum complex comprises several buildings featuring special exhibits and extensive collections of Judaica, archaeological findings, and Israeli and European art. Cheshin, Amir S.; Bill Hutman and Avi Melamed (1999). Yad Vashem, Israel's national memorial to the victims of the Holocaust, houses the world's largest library of Holocaust-related information. [319] Snowfall is rare, and large snowfalls are even more rare. [275][276] At the time of Ben Gurion's proclamations and the ensuing Knesset vote of 24 January 1950,[276] Jerusalem was divided between Israel and Jordan, and thus the proclamation only applied to West Jerusalem. [15][16] In the Canaanite period (14th century BCE), Jerusalem was named as Urusalim on ancient Egyptian tablets, probably meaning "City of Shalem" after a Canaanite deity. 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